Pressure Diaphragm Valve
deflagration- and endurance burning-proof
Function and Description
The deflagration- and endurance burning-proof UB/DF type PROTEGO® diaphragm valve is a state-of-the-art pressurerelief valve combining the function of a dynamic and static flame arrester. Worldwide this design is unique. It is primarily used as a safety device for flame transmission proof out breathing on tanks, containers and process engineering apparatus. The valve offers reliable protection against excess pressure prevents the inbreathing of air and product losses almost up to the set pressure and protects against atmospheric deflagration and endurance burning if stabilized burning occurs. The PROTEGO® UB/DF diaphragm valve has proven its performance over many years in a great variety of severe applications in the petrochemical and chemical industry. The set pressure is adjusted with a freeze resistant water-glycol mixture, which assures safe operation under extreme cold weather conditions. The PROTEGO® UB/DF valve is available for substances of explosion group IIB3 (NEC group C MESG ≥ 0.65 mm).
When the pressure in the tank reaches the set pressure, the diaphragm (1) on the outer valve seat ring (2) is lifted and vapors vent to the environment. The set pressure is adjusted by the liquid (water-glycol mixture) column height, which is filled into the outer ring chamber (3). The overpressure chamber is equipped with an opening (4) to keep the pressure in balance with the ambient pressure. The opening is equipped with a FLAMEFILTER® to avoid flame transmission into the overpressure chamber. Ambient air can now flow into the tank. The liquid column height which affect the set pressures is checked by a floating level indicator (5).
The tank pressure is maintained up to the set pressure with a tightness that is far superior to the conventional standard due to our highly developed manufacturing technology. This is achieved because the liquid loaded diaphragm presses tightly around the special designed valve seat surface area, even when the operating pressure increases. This is extremely important to reduce leakage to an absolute minimum. After the excess pressure is discharged, the valve reseats and provides a tight seal.
If the tank pressure exceeds the adjusted set pressure, explosive gas/product-vapour air mixtures exit. The speed at which these mixtures exit the annular gap between the diaphragm and the outer valve seat ring while overcoming the set pressure is much faster than the flame speed. If this mixture ignites, flashback into the tank is prevented. If the mixture flow continues, the dynamic flame arresting feature prevents flashback ignition even in the case of endurance burning. Even at relatively low flow rates, which occur during thermal outbreathing, the gap formed by the volumetric flow is so narrow that flames are extinguished in the gap and flashback is prevented. At very low pressure settings the explosion pressures resulting from an atmospheric deflagration may be strong enough to lift the diaphragm off the valve seat rings so that flashback could result. The ignition into the tank can be prevented by installing the PROTEGO® flame arrester unit (8). This flame arrester unit provides additional protection against atmospheric deflagration during regular maintenance and inspection.
The valve can be used up to an operating temperature of +60°C / 140°F and meets the requirements of European tank design standard EN 14015 – Appendix L and ISO 28300 (API 2000).Type-approved in accordance with the current ATEX Directive and EN ISO 16852 as well as other international standards.
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